Whitepaper Sources

Oregonians Living Longer and Better – At a Cost (Health Paper)

AARP Public Policy Institute, “Across the States 2018: Profile of Long-Term Services and Supports in Oregon,” 2018.

Anna Johnson, “Employment Report: Oregon Population Forecasts,” August, 2017.

Carolyn A.  Mendez-Luck, “The State of Nursing Facilities in Oregon, 2016,” Oregon Department of Human Services. 

Center for Disease Control, National Vital Statistics Report, Volume 64, Number 11, September, 2015.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “State-Specific Healthy Life Expectancy at Age 65 Years – United States, 2007-2009, July, 2013.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, “Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey”, 2012. 

Cubanski, Juliette et al., “Medicare Beneficiaries’ Out-of-Pocket Health Care spending as a Share of Income Now and Projections for the Future,” Henry J. Kaiser Foundation, January, 2018.

Freedman, Marc, “How to Live Forever: The Enduring Power of Connecting the Generations,” Public Affairs, New York, 2018.  

Genworth Cost of Care Survey 2018.

Global Health and Aging, World Health Organization, 2011.

Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, “Projections and Implications for Housing a Growing Population: Older Households 2015-2035,” 2016.

Kaiser Family Foundation, “Average out-of-pocket health care spending was a much larger share of average per capita Social Security income for beneficiaries ages 85 and over in 2013,” 2013.  

Kemper, Kosimar and Alecxih, “Long Term care over an uncertain future,” PubMed.gov, 2005-2006 – Winter.

Langa et al., ”Trends in the Prevalence and Mortality of Cognitive Impairment in the United States,” 2002.

National Health and Aging Trends Study, National Institute on Aging, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg of Public Health, 2011.

O’Brien, Elizabeth “Here’s How Much the Average Couple Will Spend on Health Care Costs in Retirement,” Money, April 2018.

Older Americans Key Indicators of Well-Being, 2016.  Federal Interagency Forum on Aging Related Statistics.

Oregon Health Authority, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2012-2015 and 2017.

Oregon Health Authority, Center of Health Statistics, “Report: Life expectancy varies widely across Oregon neighborhoods,” 2019.

Oregon Health Authority, External Relations Division, “Life expectancy can vary from neighborhood to neighborhood,” 2018.

U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 National Population Projections, “Life Expectancy at Birth and Age 65 by Nativity, Sex, Race and Hispanic Origin: 2017 to 2060,” 2017.

Wilson C, Moulton B, “Loneliness Among Older Adults: A National Survey of Adults 45+,” AARP, Washington, DC, 2010.

2014 Health and Retirement Survey, University of Michigan.

Housing Challenges for Older Oregonians

Across the States 2018:  Profiles of Long-Term Care Services and Supports, AARP Public Policy Institute, 2018.

Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAM), Wave A, Health and Retirement Study, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 2009.

Aging in Rural and Frontier Oregon: Challenges Facing Rural and Frontier Home Health Agencies, Oregon Office of Rural Health, 2016. 

Genworth Cost of Care Survey, Genworth Financial Inc., 2017.

Health and Retirement Study: Aging in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities for Americans, University of Michigan, 2014.

Housing on Aging Rural America: Rural Seniors and Their Homes, Housing Assistance Council, Washington, D.C., 2014.

Jennifer Molinsky, “Four Challenges to Aging in Place,” Harvard Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, 2017.

Larga et al, “Comparison of the Prevalence of Dementia in the United States in 2000 and 2012,” JAMA Internal Medicine, 2017, National Health and Aging Trends Study, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2017.

Long-Term Care Providers and Service Users in the United States – State Estimates Supplement: National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, 2013-2014.  National Center for Health Statistics, 2016.

Oregon Housing and Community Services, State of Oregon Housing Data Profile, 2018.

Projections and Implications for Housing a Growing Population: Older Households 2015-2035, Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, 2016.

Rural America is Losing Young People – Consequences and Solutions, Penn Wharton, University of Pennsylvania Public Policy Initiative, 2018.

Stephen M, Golant, “Aging in the American: Suburbs: A changing Population,” Aging Well Magazine, 2009.

The State of the Nation’s Housing, 2018, Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, 2018.

The United States of Aging Survey 2012-2015, AARP, 2018.

United States Census Bureau, 2014 American Community Survey.

United States Census Bureau Decennial Census and Oregon Population Forecast Program for Oregon’s 65+ Urban, Suburban, and Rural Counties, Population Research Center, Portland State University, 2018.    

United States Federal Reserve Board, 2013 Survey of Consumer Finances, 2016.     


The Financial Security of Older Oregonians

United States Government Accountability Office (2015), “Retirement Security:  Most Households Approaching Retirement have Low Savings.”  https://www.gao.gov/assets/680/670153.pdf

Board of Governors of The Federal Reserve System (2016), “Report of Economic Well Being of US Households in 2015.”  https://www.federalreserve.gov/2015-report-economic-well-being-us-households-201605.pdf   

Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University (2016), “Projections & Implications for Housing a Growing Population: Older Households 2015-2035.”  http://www.jchs.harvard.edu/research-areas/reports/projections-and-implications-housing-growing-population-older-households-2015

Center for a Secure Retirement (2017). “10 Years After the Crisis: Middle-Income Boomers Rebounding but not Recovered.”  http://www.centerforasecureretirement.com/media/399673/174406_csr-report-jan-2017_final.pdf

The National Institute for Retirement Security (2013). “The Retirement Savings Crisis: Is It Worse Than We Think?” https://www.nirsonline.org/reports/the-retirement-savings-crisis-is-it-worse-than-we-think/

Employee Benefit Research Institute and Greenwald & Associates, “2017 Retirement Confidence Survey.” https://www.ebri.org/surveys/rcs/2017/

Institute for Policy Studies (2016), “The Ever-Growing Gap: Without Change, African-American and Latino Families Won’t Match White Wealth for Centuries.” https://ips-dc.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/The-Ever-Growing-Gap-CFED_IPS-Final-2.pdf

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 1-Year data (2005 and 2016)

AARP Public Policy Institute (2018), “Fact Sheet: Older Workers and Part-Time Employment.” https://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/ppi/2018/part-time-older-workers.pdf

    For more information about JFRF’s whitepaper or its sources, please email us at info@jfrfoundation.org